Give a complete problem formulation for each of the following. Choose a formulation that is precise enough to be implemented.

Using only four colors, you have to color a planar map in such a way that no two adjacent regions have the same color.

A 3foottall monkey is in a room where some bananas are suspended from the 8foot ceiling. He would like to get the bananas. The room contains two stackable, movable, climbable 3foothigh crates.

You have a program that outputs the message “illegal input record” when fed a certain file of input records. You know that processing of each record is independent of the other records. You want to discover what record is illegal.

You have three jugs, measuring 12 gallons, 8 gallons, and 3 gallons, and a water faucet. You can fill the jugs up or empty them out from one to another or onto the ground. You need to measure out exactly one gallon.